Are you thinking of switching to the electric vehicle but need adequate information on how it works? Then, you will find this post very helpful.
Firstly, what’s an electric vehicle? These are vehicles that have an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine. EV uses a large traction battery called electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). The EVSE powers electric vehicles.
Now, how do electric vehicles work?
Electric vehicles function when the EVSE is adequately charged. You can charge the EVSE by plugging it into a wall outlet that takes electricity from the grid. The EVSE is rechargeable. You can charge your electric vehicle in a public charging station or your home using your home charger.
How far can a fully charged electric vehicle go?
The travel range of your electric vehicle depends on the model of the electric vehicle you use. There are different models of EVs which come with different battery size, speed limit, and efficiency. So, the best electric vehicle for you depends on what you intend to use it for. This leads us to types of electric vehicles.
Types of Electric Vehicles
Below are the different types of electric vehicles:
Plug-in Electric Vehicles
These are EVs that run purely on electricity. Pure electric vehicle doesn’t require gas function and therefore produces no emission like the traditional cars.
Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles
This type of EV runs mainly on electricity but also comes with a traditional fuel engine. Thus, when you run out of charge, you can switch to its fuel engine mode to get you going. This vehicle produces no emissions when running on electricity but does when running on diesel or fuel.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
These vehicles run mainly on fuels and have an electric battery that you can recharge through regenerative braking. These vehicles provide you the choice to run on either fuel engine or EV mode.
What are the key components that make up an electric vehicle?
Here are components that enable electric vehicles to function correctly:
Electric Auxiliary Battery:
The battery stores electricity needed to run your electric vehicle: the higher your battery kW, the higher your vehicle range.
This device converts your high voltage Direct Current (DC) to the appropriate Alternate Current (AC)required to run your vehicle.
Electric Traction Motor
This device provides power to rotate the wheels. Its generates power from the traction battery pack. The motor type can be DC or AC type.
This is the electric vehicle’s single-speed transmission that sends power from the motor to the wheels.
This enables the electric vehicle to be connected to an external power source to charge the traction battery pack.
This collects and converts incoming AC electricity( supplied by the charging port) into DC power to charge the traction battery.
Power Electronic Controller
This manages the flow of electrical energy delivery by the traction battery and controls the electric traction motor speed and its torque.
The system cools EV components. It maintains a proper operating temperature range of the engine, electric motor, power electronic and more.
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